Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDDS) is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). It is characterized by a series of emotional and physical symptoms that occur a week or two before a woman’s period. These symptoms can be so severe that they interfere with a woman’s work, school, relationships, and social activities.
The exact cause of PMDD is not known, but it is thought to be caused by a combination of hormonal changes and psychological factors. PMDD is more common in women who have a family history of mood disorders, such as depression or anxiety.
Symptoms of PMDD can vary from woman to woman, but they often include:
- Mood swings. Women with PMDD may experience extreme mood swings, including irritability, anger, sadness, anxiety, and depression.
- Physical symptoms. Women with PMDD may also experience physical symptoms such as fatigue, bloating, breast tenderness, headaches, and food cravings.
- Cognitive symptoms. Women with PMDD may also experience cognitive symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, forgetfulness, and poor decision making.
If you think you may have PMDD, it’s important to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. There is no cure for PMDD, but there are a number of treatments that can help manage symptoms.
These treatments may include:
- Hormonal therapy. Hormonal therapy, such as birth control pills or antidepressants, can help reduce the severity of PMDD symptoms.
- Lifestyle changes. Lifestyle changes such as exercise, stress management, and a healthy diet can also help manage PMDD symptoms.
- Speech therapy. Talk therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, can help women with PMDD understand and manage their symptoms.
If you struggle with PMDD, know that you are not alone. There are a number of resources to help you manage your symptoms and live a full and productive life.
Here are some additional tips for managing PMDDS:
- Get regular exercise. Exercise can help reduce stress, improve mood, and increase energy levels. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most of the week.
- Get enough sleep. When you are well rested, you are better able to deal with stress and manage your symptoms. Aim for 7-8 hours of sleep each night.
- Eat a healthy diet. A healthy diet can help improve your overall mood and energy levels. Avoid processed foods, sugary drinks, and excess caffeine.
- Manage stress. Stress can cause or worsen PMDDS symptoms. Find healthy ways to manage stress, such as yoga, meditation, or spending time in nature.
- Talk to your doctor. If you’re having trouble managing your PMDDS symptoms, talk to your doctor. There are a number of treatment options that can help you feel better.
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