What are the characteristics of the Dogue de Bordeaux? – Facts and Beyond

I’ll be talking about their physical appearance, temperament, grooming and health. But first, I thought I would give a bit of background about this breed.

They’re also called Bordeaux Mastiff, French Mastiff or Bordeauxdog. The Dogue de Bordeaux is an old French breed of dog that was very hard working. They were used to pull carts and guard flocks.

Physical Appearance:

As you may have guessed from the jobs they had and being a Mastiff, the Dogue de Bordeaux is a powerful, muscular dog with a massive head and powerful jaws. They also have wrinkles and folds on their face. Some even have a black “mask” around their mouth.

Their coat ranges from a light fawn, or brown, to a dark fawn colour. It’s short, fine and soft. The average male Dogue de Bordeaux is 24-27 inches or 61-69 cm in height, when standing or sitting normally and 150 pounds or 68 kg.

The average female of this breed is 23-26 inches or 58-66 cm in height, when standing or sitting normally and 125 pounds or 57 kg.


You might look at the Dogue de Bordeaux and think they’re an aggressive dog. While they certainly can, and will, protect their home and loved ones, they’re typically calm and very sweet natured.

This breed is described as loyal, even tempered, companionable and vigilant. Some people even say they’re like big teddy bears when they have a loving home and family they trust!

When trained and socialized properly, the Dogue de Bordeaux makes a wonderful family dog that needs moderate exercise. Be firm and consistent, not harsh, whe:n training. Obedience training is highly recommended…


Dogue de Bordeauxs are droolers, so it’s important to keep the folds and wrinkles on their face dry to avoid infection. You should also pay attention to cleaning their ears.

As far as bathing goes, once a month is recommended and wiping them down with a damp towel in between. Even though they have a short coat, they shed a lot, so you’ll have to brush them often.


While each dog is different and not every dog from this breed will automatically have these conditions, it’s still important to take this into consideration and be aware of them before you buy or adopt.

The Dogue de Bordeaux is a breed that, unfortunately, is prone to some serious health issues and generally doesn’t live long. The average life span is 5-6 years.

Because of the shape of their head, they can be prone to breathing problems, such as excessive shortness of breath and raspy breathing. This can make the Dogue de Bordeaux intolerant to heat and exercise.

They’re also prone to ectropion – their lower eyelids rolling outwards, which can lead to inflammation and infections.

The Dogue de Bordeaux is also more predispoesed to certain heart conditions. One of which is aortic stenosis – a narrowing at the opening of the aortic valve. Another heart problem that’s common in this breed is dilated cardiomyopathy. This is a condition where the heart is enlarged and can’t pump blood efficiently.

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